Heart failure is not a condition that can be taken lightly. It’s important that you have a good understanding of what it involves so you can know when you need to seek medical advice or speak to your cardiologist.
We’re going to take a look at the stages of heart failure in this article, giving you all the facts so you can keep better track of your health.
Stages of heart failure begin with stage A, which is the “pre-clinical” stage. During this stage, there is no organ damage or clinical symptoms. The patient may not even be aware that they are at risk of developing signs of heart failure!
At this stage, heart failure risk factors become apparent, such as high blood pressure, diabetes, or obesity. The patient may also start to experience mild symptoms such as fatigue or shortness of breath after physical activity.
Stage A is the time to make lifestyle changes to reduce the risk of heart failure, such as eating a healthy diet, exercising and managing medicines for heart failure regularly. Making these changes can help prevent the progression of heart failure to later stages, where treatment options become more limited.
Stage B for heart failure represents a mildly impaired ventricular function, often classified as preserved left ventricular systolic function. This means that the left ventricle of the heart is damaged and not as effective in circulation as a healthy person.
This stage of heart failure is characterized by cardiac dilation, elevated left ventricular filling pressures, and reduced exercise tolerance. Patients may also experience shortness of breath and fatigue.
Stage C heart failure is a chronic condition and is best described as a progressive problem. It is caused by damage to the heart (usually from a previous heart attack, disease, or high blood pressure) that has left the heart unable to pump blood adequately.
This leads to decreased oxygen and nutrient delivery to body organs, causing symptoms such as shortness of breath, fatigue, swelling, and trouble with normal activities. In Stage C, the heart muscle is weakened, and ejection fraction (EF) is reduced.
In stage D, the patient is at risk for the worst outcomes with heart failure, including hospitalization and death. Treatments for stage D heart failure include lifestyle changes and medications to reduce cardiac workload and improve overall health.
Additionally, devices like pacemakers, ventricular assist devices, and biventricular or resynchronization therapy can also improve symptoms. Surgery may be needed to repair or replace a damaged or diseased heart valve.
However, the most important factor in treating heart failure stage D is controlling factors than can aggravate symptoms, like hypertension, diabetes, and anemia.
The following are key components to maintaining a healthy lifestyle and avoiding further heart problems:
- Follow-up visits
- lifestyle changes
- preventive measures
Learn the Stages of Heart Failure
In conclusion, heart failure is a serious condition that can ultimately lead to death. It is important to recognize the signs and symptoms of heart failure and to seek medical help early.
Right diagnosis and proper understanding of the illness are key to managing the stages of heart failure. Get tested today and understand the ways to stay healthy!
Did you find this article helpful? Check out the rest of our blog.